Progress 8 measures a student's progress between Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 4 across eight key subjects - English, Maths, three other English Baccalaureate (EBacc) subjects (sciences, computer sciences, geography, history and languages) and three further subjects. It shows whether students have performed to expectation, based on a value-added measure using Key Stage 2 English and Maths as a baseline. It's checked by getting a sample of Year 11 students to sit English and Maths reference tests in March before June GCSE examinations. Attainment 8 shows a student's average achievement in the same suite of subjects as the Progress 8 measure. Attainment 8 is calculated by translating GCSE grades into numbers (9-1).
This new measure is designed to encourage schools to offer a broad, well-balanced curriculum and will be used towards determining the 'floor standard' for schools. The floor standard for a school is the minimum standard for pupil achievement and/or progress that the Government expects schools to meet.
As a generic Special School, East SILC John Jamieson does not offer GCSE or A Level courses. Government guidance (July 2016) advises: “Floor standards do not apply to special schools, independent schools, pupil referral units, alternative provision or hospital schools. Schools are excluded from a Progress 8 floor standard in a particular year where they have fewer than 6 pupils at the end of key stage 4, or where fewer than 50% of pupils have key stage 2 assessments that can be used as prior attainment in the calculations of Progress 8.”